Section 31 of GST – Tax invoice Rules as per GST Law. Find Complate Details GST Section 31, Check all details for Tax invoice. Detailed Analysis of GST Section 31 of GST Act 2017 – Tax invoice Rules as per Revised Model GST Law. Everything you want to know about GST all Sections. Section Wise Analysis of GST Act 2017, Chapter Wise Analysis of GST All Sections.
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Section 31 of GST – Tax invoice
(1) A registered person supplying taxable goods shall, before or at the time of,—
- (a) removal of goods for supply to the recipient, where the supply involves movement of goods; or
- (b) delivery of goods or making available thereof to the recipient, in any other case,
issue a tax invoice showing the description, quantity and value of goods, the tax charged thereon and such other particulars as may be prescribed:
Provided that the Government may, on the recommendations of the Council, by notification, specify the categories of goods or supplies in respect of which a tax invoice shall be issued, within such time and in such manner as may be prescribed.
(2) A registered person supplying taxable services shall, before or after the provision of service but within a prescribed period, issue a tax invoice, showing the description, value, tax charged thereon and such other particulars as may be prescribed:
Provided that the Government may, on the recommendations of the Council, by notification and subject to such conditions as may be mentioned therein, specify the categories of services in respect of which––
- (a) any other document issued in relation to the supply shall be deemed to be a tax invoice; or
- (b) tax invoice may not be issued.
(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-sections (1) and (2)–
- (a) a registered person may, within one month from the date of issuance of certificate of registration and in such manner as may be prescribed, issue a revised invoice against the invoice already issued during the period beginning with the effective date of registration till the date of issuance of certificate of registration to him;
- (b) a registered person may not issue a tax invoice if the value of the goods or services or both supplied is less than two hundred rupees subject to such conditions and in such manner as may be prescribed;
- (c) a registered person supplying exempted goods or services or both or paying tax under the provisions of section 10 shall issue, instead of a tax invoice, a bill of supply containing such particulars and in such manner as may be prescribed:
Provided that the registered person may not issue a bill of supply if the value of the goods or services or both supplied is less than two hundred rupees subject to such conditions and in such manner as may be prescribed;
- (d) a registered person shall, on receipt of advance payment with respect to any supply of goods or services or both, issue a receipt voucher or any other document, containing such particulars as may be prescribed, evidencing receipt of such payment;
- (e) where, on receipt of advance payment with respect to any supply of goods or services or both the registered person issues a receipt voucher, but subsequently no supply is made and no tax invoice is issued in pursuance thereof, the said registered person may issue to the person who had made the payment, a refund voucher against such payment;
- (f) a registered person who is liable to pay tax under sub-section (3) or sub-section (4) of section 9 shall issue an invoice in respect of goods or services or both received by him from the supplier who is not registered on the date of receipt of goods or services or both;
- (g) a registered person who is liable to pay tax under sub-section (3) or sub-section (4) of section 9 shall issue a payment voucher at the time of making payment to the supplier.
(4) In case of continuous supply of goods, where successive statements of accounts or successive payments are involved, the invoice shall be issued before or at the time each such statement is issued or, as the case may be, each such payment is received.
(5) Subject to the provisions of clause (d) of sub-section (3), in case of continuous supply of services,–
- (a) where the due date of payment is ascertainable from the contract, the invoice shall be issued on or before the due date of payment;
- (b) where the due date of payment is not ascertainable from the contract, the invoice shall be issued before or at the time when the supplier of service receives the payment;
- (c) where the payment is linked to the completion of an event, the invoice shall be issued on or before the date of completion of that event.
(6) In a case where the supply of services ceases under a contract before the completion of the supply, the invoice shall be issued at the time when the supply ceases and such invoice shall be issued to the extent of the supply made before such cessation.
(7) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), where the goods being sent or taken on approval for sale or return are removed before the supply takes place, the invoice shall be issued before or at the time of supply or six months from the date of removal, whichever is earlier.
Explanation.– For the purposes of this section, the expression “tax invoice” shall include any revised invoice issued by the supplier in respect of a supply made earlier.
Related provisions of the Statute
|Section or Rule||Description|
|Section 2(94)||Definition of Registered person|
|Section 2(32)||Definition of Continuous supply of goods|
|Section 2(33)||Definition of Continuous supply of services|
|Section 2(41)||Definition of Document|
|Section 2(66)||Definition of Invoice or Tax Invoice|
|Section 2(86)||Definition of Place of supply|
|Section 2(96)||Definition of Removal (in relation to goods)|
|Section 2(98)||Definition of Reverse charge|
|Section 2(47)||Definition of Exempt supply|
|Section 9 Levy and collection||Levy and collection|
|Section 10||Composition levy|
|Section 15||Value of taxable supply|
|Section 143||Job work procedure|
|Rule 39||Procedure for distribution of input tax credit by ISD|
|Section 68||Inspection of goods in movement|
|Section 74||Determination of tax not paid or short paid or erroneously refunded or input tax credit wrongly availed or utilised by reason of fraud or any wilful misstatement or suppression of facts.|
|Section 129||Detention, seizure and release of goods and conveyances in transit.|
|Section 130||Confiscation of goods or conveyances and levy of penalty.|
|Rule 138-138D||Chapter XVI – E-way Rules|
|Section 16 of the IGST Act||Zero-rated supply|
An invoice does not bring into existence an agreement but merely records the terms of a pre-existing agreement (oral or written). An invoice can be understood as a document that is meant to serve a particular purpose. The GST Law requires that an invoice – tax invoice or bill of supply – is issued on the occurrence of certain event, being a supply, within the prescribed timelines. Therefore, an invoice, among other documents is required to be issued for every form of supply such as sale, transfer, barter, exchange, license, rental, lease or disposal. This chapter provides an understanding of the various documents required to be issued under the GST law, timelines to issue such document and the contents of every such document.
Frequently Asked Questions
Can tax invoice be raised for advance payments received for goods or services?
No tax invoice is not to be raised for advance payments received for goods or services. The recipient of payment would be required to issue a receipt voucher for receipt of payment in advance.
Is it mandatory to mention the details of tax amount charged in the invoice?
Yes, the tax invoice should mandatorily mention the details of tax amount charged in the invoice.
Is it possible to take input tax credit based on the ‘bill of supply’?
No, it is not possible to take input tax credit based on the bill of supply.
Can a revised invoice be issued for taxable supplies?
Yes, the registered taxable person can issue revised invoice. Every registered person who has been granted registration with effect from a date earlier than the date of issuance of certificate of registration to him, may issue revised tax invoices/ consolidated revise tax invoice in respect of taxable supplies effected during the period starting from the effective date of registration till the date of issuance of certificate of registration.
Recommended Articles –
- GST Due Dates
- GST Return
- GST Forms
- GST Rate
- GST Registration
- What is GST?
- GST Invoice Format
- GST Composition Scheme
- HSN Code
- GST Login
- GST Rules
- GST Status
- Track GST ARN
- Time of Supply