GST Act 2017: Section 1 of GST Act 2017 – Short title, extent and commencement. Check out details for GST Section 1 as per CGST Act 2017. Complete Analysis of GST Section 1, Section 1 of GST provide details for Short title, extent and commencement. Explanation of Goods and Service Tax all Sections.
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Section 1 of GST – Short title, extent and commencement
(1) This Act may be called the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017.
(2) It extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir
(3) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint:
Provided that different dates may be appointed for different provisions of this Act and any reference in any such provision to the commencement of this Act shall be construed as a reference to the coming into force of that provision.
1. The Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 has been implemented in the State of Jammu and Kashmir from 8th July, 2017 through Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Amendment Order, 2017, the Central Goods and Services Tax (Extension to Jammu and Kashmir) Ordinance, 2017 and the Integrated Goods and Services Tax (Extension to Jammu and Kashmir) Ordinance, 2017.
2. Certain provisions were came into force on 22.6.17 and remaining provisions on 1.7.17 as notified by the Central Government and hence appointed day for the CGST Act, IGST, UTGST Acts, SGST Acts was 1st July, 2017. However, the appointed day for the State of Jammu and Kashmir was 8th July, 2017.
Analysis and Updates
All Acts enacted by the Parliament since the introduction of the Indian Short Titles Act, 1897 carry a long and a short title. The long title, set out at the head of a statute, gives a fairly full description of the general purpose of the Act and broadly covers the scope of the Act.
The short title, serves simply as an ease of reference and is considered a statutory nickname to obviate the necessity of referring to the Act under its full and descriptive title. Its object is identification, and not description, of the purpose of the Act.
Part I of the Constitution of India states: “India, that is Bharat, shall be a Union of States”. It provides that territory of India shall comprise the States and the Union Territories specified in the First Schedule of the Constitution of India. The First Schedule provides for twenty-nine (29) States and seven (7) Union Territories.
Part VI of the Constitution of India provides that for every State, there shall be a Legislature, while Part VIII provides that every Union Territory shall be administered by the President through an ‘Administrator’ appointed by him. However, the Union Territories of Delhi and Puducherry have been provided with Legislatures with powers and functions as required for their administration.
India is a summation of three categories of territories namely – (i) States (29); (ii) Union Territories with Legislature (2); and (iii) Union Territories without Legislature (5).
The State of Jammu and Kashmir enjoys a special status in the Indian Constitution in terms of Article 370 of the Indian Constitution. The Parliament has power to make laws only on Defence, External Affairs and Communication related matters of Jammu and Kashmir. As regards the laws related on any other matter, subsequent ratification by the Government of Jammu and Kashmir is necessary to make it applicable to that State.
Therefore, the State of Jammu & Kashmir were required to pass special laws to be able to implement the Goods and Services Tax Acts. Accordingly, the assembly of J&K passed the GST bill in the first week of July. Subsequently, Honourable President of India had promulgated two ordinances, namely, the CGST (Extension to Jammu and Kashmir) Ordinance, 2017 and the IGST (Extension to Jammu and Kashmir) Ordinance, 2017 making the CGST/ IGST applicable to the State of Jammu and Kashmir, w.e.f. 8th July, 2017.
Once the laws are passed by the State of Jammu & Kashmir, the Union Government will have to amend the Central Goods and Services Act, 2017 to delete the phrase that such provisions do not apply to the State of Jammu & Kashmir. After the promulgation of ordinance, the India has adopted GST in its form across the country.
The CGST Act came into operation on 01.07.2017, the date appointed by the Central Government. However, certain provisions i.e. Sections 1,2,3,4,5,10,22,23,24,25,26,27,28,29, 30,139, 146,164 were made effective form 22.6.2017.
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