Collegium System of Appointing Judges – Complete Details


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Collegium System of Appointing Judges, There has been a lot of discussion and arguments on ” collegium system” of appointing the judges. Judiciary is among the primary pillars of the country in a democratic country. Let’s understand the collegium and NJAC system of selecting and transferring the judges. Now inspect more details for Collegium System of Appointing Judges from below …

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Collegium System of Appointing Judges

1. Collegium:

Collegium is a system under which the decisions associated with visit and transfer of the judges are taken by a body consisting of Chief justice of India, four senior most judges of the Supreme Court. It has no referral in the constitution of India.


2. Consultation of judges as stated by constitution:

1. Short Article 124– Consultation of Supreme court judges:

This article of the Indian constitution talks about the visit of Supreme Court judges.

2. Post 217– Visit of High court judges:

Appointment of the judges of the high court gone over in short article 217 of the constitution where it is stated that the judges of the high court should be selected by the president of India in assessment with the chief justice of India and the governor of the state. Chief justice of the concerned high court need to likewise be consulted.

3. Genesis of “collegium system”

The genesis of collegium system depend on the famous “3 Judges Cases”, which are:

  • SP Gupta Vs Union of India– 1981
  • Supreme Court Advocates-on Record Association vs Union of India– 1993
  • Short Article 143– Opinion of Supreme Court delivered in 1998
Genesis of collegium system

Ove the time experiencing these case Supreme Court of India developed that no other branch of the state including executive and legal authorities should have a say in appointment of the judges, thus securing the judicial independent given by constitution. Collegium system entered photo in this way.

4. Criticism:

A great deal of criticism has actually been made versus collegium system of appointment over the time

Those who slammed it as a closed door system of visit having no openness. A petition versus collegium system has been submitted on the really truth that the constitution does not discuss it anywhere.

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5. NJAC:

NJAC– National Judicial Appointment Commission has been proposed as a reconsideration of the 3 Judges cases. It include

  • Chief Justice of India
  • 2 senior most judges of Supreme Court
  • Union minister of law and justice
  • 2 noteworthy individuals (chosen by CJI, Prime Minister, Leader of opposition in Lok Sabha)
Collegium system of Appointing judges

With the overwhelming action from the public and state governments with a view to generate transparency in the process of visit of judges in the Supreme Court and high courts parliament has passed the NJAC costs in October 2015 which was struck down by the Supreme Court worrying upon the primacy and independence of the judiciary.

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