Difference between Capital Expenditure and Revenue Expenditure

Distinction in between Capital Expenditure and Income Expense: The following are the points of difference in between capital expenditure and profits expense: The Earnings Cost connects to the operations of business of an accounting period or to the earnings made throughout the period or the products of expense, benefits of which do not extend beyond that duration. Capital Expenditure, on the other hand, produces withstanding advantages and assists in earnings generation over more than one accounting period. Income Expenditures should be associated with a physical activity of the entity.

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Content in this Short Article.

Capital Expenditure:

This represents expense sustained for the purpose of obtaining a fixed property which is planned to be utilized over long term for making profits there from. This also will be a capital expense. Capital expense forms part of the Balance Sheet.

Revenue expenditure:

This represents expenditure incurred to earn income of the existing period. The advantages of income costs get exhausted in the year of the incurrence. The profits expense results in decrease in profit or surplus.

Difference in between Capital Expenditure and Revenue Expense

( i) Capital expenditure is sustained in obtaining or improving irreversible assets which are not implied for resale. But revenue expense is a routine expense incurred in the typical course of service and includes expense of sales as also the maintenance of set possessions and so on

( ii) Capital expenditure seeks to enhance the earning capacity of business whereas revenue expenditure is sustained to preserve the earning capacity of the business.

( iii) Capital expenditure is usually a non-recurring outlay however revenue expenditure is usually a repeating functions.

( iv) Capital expenditure produces advantages over several years. Income expense is consumed within an accounting year and the whole amount is charged to the (existing year’s) earnings declaration. Deferred earnings expense is nevertheless an exception to this guideline.

Comparison Chart

Meaning The expenditure sustained in obtaining a capital asset or improving the capability of an existing one, resulting in the extension in its life years. Costs sustained in controling daily activities of the business.
Term Long Term Short-term
Capitalization Yes No
Displayed In Earnings Declaration & Balance Sheet Earnings Declaration
Outlay Non-recurring Recurring
Advantage More than one year Only in current accounting year
Earning capacity Looks for to enhance earning capability Maintain earning capacity
Matching idea Not matched with capital receipts Matched with earnings invoices


  • Accrued Liabilities
  • Limitations of Accounting
  • Saving Capital Gains from Residential Or Commercial Property
  • Depreciation Guidance Note
  • Capital Structure
  • Book Keeping
  • Interest on Capital
  • Accounting Quotes
  • Earnings Expenditure

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